Eu Mercosur Association Agreement
Following the adoption and publication, On 1 July 2019, from the „agreement in principle“ of 17 languages, 29 unfinished texts of the chapters and annexes of the trade agreement with the Disclaimer were published in July and September 2019, that they „were published only for informational purposes and that further changes may be made, including as a result of the legal review process.“ The main plans to liberalise goods, services and investment have not yet been released.  In the meantime, negotiations continued for the other parts of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement and ended on 18 June 2020 with an agreement on the pillars of political dialogue and cooperation, the preamble and institutional and final arrangements.  This text has not yet been published by the official authorities, but has been disclosed by Greenpeace.  Greenpeace condemned that commitments to protect nature or manage the climate emergency, as defined in the UNFCCC Paris Agreement, were not included in the conditions under which one party could clean up the other sanction or suspend the agreement.  The scope of the agreement is very broad.  In addition to tariffs, it includes rules of origin, trade aid, health and plant health measures (SPS), technical barriers to trade (OTC), services and investment liberalization, competition policy, subsidies, state-owned enterprises (SOEs), trade and sustainable development. It also includes better access to public procurement and intellectual property rights, including „geographic indications“ or protection of regional food specialties.  Legal safeguards are in place to protect 357 European food and beverage products from counterfeiting, including Prosciutto di Parma and Herve Cheese.  Customs procedures will also be simplified as part of the agreement.  „We hope that [the agreement] will be signed at the end of the year under the temporary presidency of Uruguay and the German Presidency of the EU,“ Rivas told the media. Discussions resumed in 2005 and the EU plans to reach an agreement by 2006; However, the resumption of negotiations has been postponed sine die due to opposition from South American countries to the opening of certain markets and the European rejection of demands to reduce agricultural subsidies.